What are the symptoms of varicocele?
It is usually testicular pain, a feeling of heaviness on the testicle, or an increase of the scrotum size (skin around the testicle). Since it is more frequent on the left side, usually these complaints are related to it.
The pain and feeling of heaviness on the testicle caused by the varicocele differ in intensity. They can be only slightly or very intense, they increase with physical exercise, get worst during the day, and improve when the patient is laid down.
Since the venous congestion on the inside of the varicocele depends on gravity, these symptoms get worst while standing and get even worse during the day. It may not cause pain or symptoms, and the only manifestation can be the delay of the testicular development (when affects children) or difficulty to get pregnant (when affects adults).
Varicocele can lead to spermatozoa dysfunction, resulting in sterility.
After treating the varicocele, spermatozoa usually got a normal function again.
Even when varicocele is unilateral, it can lead to dysfunction of spermatozoa produced in both testicles.
At an early stage, varicocele is not visible. However, with time, it can increase its size and become visible.